Čačanska rana

It resulted from the cross of 'Wangenheims Frühzwetsche' and 'Požegača'. Hybridization was carried out in 1961 and it was named and released in 1975. The breeders were Dr. Staniša A. Paunović, Dr. Milisav Gavrilović and Dr. Petar Mišić.

The tree is vigorous to very vigorous. The crown is sparse, pyramidal. The branches are well covered with flower buds. It bears fruit on one-year-old wood and fruiting spurs. Flower buds contain approximately 1.6 flowers. The leaf is medium large to large, oval. Petiole is moderately long, with 2-3 leaf glands at about 0.5 cm from the leaf base. The flower is large, with well-developed flower elements. |It belongs in a group of mid-early flowering cultivars. Flowers with 'Čačanska Lepotica', 'Čačanska Rodna' and 'Ruth Gerstetter'. Self-sterile. The pollinators are 'Čačanska Lepotica', 'Ruth Gerstetter' and 'Stanley'. Cropping varies by year and locality, ranging from light to heavy. Moderately susceptible to the causal agents of red leaf spot (Polystigma rubrum Pers.) and rust (Puccinia pruni spinosae Diet.) and practically resistant to the causal agents of fruit and flower rot (Monilinia laxa Aderh et Ruhl.). It is tolerant of Plum pox virus. It fruits early when grafted on low vigor rootstocks and is compatible with Myrobalan seedling rootstock as well as with low vigor rootstocks.

The fruit is medium large to large (36-40 g), attaining up to 80 g depending on yield. Dimensions: length - 45.0 mm, width - 37.0 mm, thickness - 36.5 mm. Long-oval, with unpronounced suture line, dividing the fruit into almost equal halves. The skin is thin, purple, deep blue on the sunny side, with heavy bloom. The flesh is yellow, juicy, moderately firm, sweet-subacid and aromatic. It contains 8.71% total sugars, 0.98% acids and 14.8% soluble solids. The fruits drop readily when ripe. The stone is relatively large, long-oval, with rounded top and bottom, freestone. Dimensions of stone: length - 26.0 mm, width - 15.5 mm, thickness - 10.0 mm, stone mass 1.9 g.

Ripens early, 7-8 days after 'Ruth Gerstetter', i.e. in late June-early July. Fully ripe fruits have short shelf life and poor shipping quality. It is a good shipper otherwise.

An early dessert cultivar of excellent quality. It should be planted on smaller sites under suitable ecological conditions of vineyard areas and grafted on low vigor rootstocks, as St. Julien, GF 655.2. It is grown in many surrounding countries and even in New Zealand.